Ministry of Finance, Statistical Service



02/12/2014
LFS Ad-Hoc Module Results: Migrants and Labour Market

The Statistical Service announces the results of the Labour Force Survey Ad-hoc Module which covers a sample of 3.600 households in all districts of Cyprus. The module covered persons aged 15-64 and referred to the period April-June 2014. The data refer to the situation of migrants and their immediate descendants in relation to the labour market.

The main results are presented below.

Main migrating reason
74,0% of the Cypriots aged 15 -64 who were born abroad stated family reasons (incl. family formation) as the main reason for migrating to Cyprus. 11,3% stated for employment and found a job before migrating to Cyprus, 10,2% stated for employment and came to find a job in Cyprus (but did not find a job before migrating) while 3,7% stated other reasons (e.g. for retirement, for the climate, for health reasons etc) as the main migrating reason to Cyprus.

36,1% of the European Union nationals (other than Cypriots) aged 15 – 64 who were born abroad stated employment and came to find a job in Cyprus (but did not find before migrating) as the main reason for migrating to Cyprus. 33,2% stated family reasons (incl. family formation), 21,0% stated for employment and found a job before migrating to Cyprus while 8,5% stated other reasons (e.g. for retirement, for the climate, for health reasons etc) as the main reason for migrating to Cyprus.

64,6% of third country nationals aged 15 – 64 who were born abroad stated for employment and found a job before migrating to Cyprus as the main reason for migrating to Cyprus. 15,6% stated family reasons (incl. family formation), 9,3% stated employment and came to find a job in Cyprus (but did not find before migrating), 4,0% stated for international protection (political refugees, asylum seekers), 3,6% stated for study while 2,9% stated for other reasons (e.g. for retirement, for the climate, for health reasons etc) as the main reason for migrating to Cyprus.

Qualifications in relation to job
From the Cypriots employed aged 15 – 64, 47,8% with tertiary education, 39,2% with upper secondary education and 13,1% with less than upper secondary education, feel overqualified in performing their current main job.

From the European Union nationals (other than Cypriots) aged 15 – 64 , 62,6% with tertiary education, 37,4% with upper secondary education and 16,5% with less than upper secondary education, feel overqualified in performing their current main job.

From the third country nationals aged 15 – 64, 69,6% with tertiary education, 39,9% with upper secondary education and 7,5% with less than upper secondary education, feel overqualified in performing their current main job.

77,5% of the Cypriots employed aged 15 -64 who either themselves or one of their parents were born abroad and who consider themselves to be overqualified, stated other obstacle (e.g. due to the financial crisis, lack of jobs, exploitation by the employer, age) as the main obstacle preventing them to get a job corresponding with their qualifications, while 18,8% did not state any obstacle in getting a job corresponding with their qualifications.

67,6% of the European Union nationals (other than Cypriots) employed aged 15 -64 who either themselves or one of their parents were born abroad and who consider themselves to be overqualified, stated other obstacle (e.g. due to the financial crisis, lack of jobs, exploitation by the employer, age) as the main obstacle preventing them to get a job corresponding with their qualifications. 9,3% stated the lack of Greek language skills while 12,4% did not state any obstacle in getting a job corresponding with their qualifications.

38,6% of the third country nationals employed aged 15 -64 who either themselves or one of their parents were born abroad and who consider themselves to be overqualified, stated other obstacle (e.g. due to the financial crisis, lack of jobs, exploitation by the employer, age) as the main obstacle preventing them to get a job corresponding with their qualifications. 32,7% stated the restricted right to work because of citizenship or residence permission while 10,6% stated the lack of recognition of qualifications obtained abroad as the main obstacle in getting a job corresponding with their qualifications.

Knowledge / attendance of Greek language courses
55,4% of the Cypriots aged 15 - 64 who were born abroad stated that Greek is their mother tongue or that they speak excellent as a native speaker when asked of the degree of Greek knowledge of the language. 27,0% stated that they speak Greek very well, 11,9% stated that they speak Greek moderately while 5,7% stated that they speak very little or that they don’t speak Greek at all.

28,2% of the European Union nationals (other than Cypriots) aged 15 - 64 who were born abroad stated that they speak very little or that they don’t speak Greek at all. 25,7% stated that they speak Greek moderately, 24,6% stated that Greek is their mother tongue or that they speak excellent as a native speaker while 21,5% stated that they speak Greek very well.

66,3% of the third country nationals aged 15 -64 who were born abroad stated that they speak very little or that they don’t speak Greek at all. 23,8% stated that they speak Greek moderately, 6,7% stated that they speak very well while 3,2% stated that Greek is their mother tongue or that they speak excellent as a native speaker.

72,6% of the Cypriots who were born abroad stated that they haven’t attended any Greek language course since their arrival in Cyprus because it was not necessary. 19,4% stated that they have attended Greek language courses while 8,0% stated that they haven’t attended any Greek language courses for other reasons.

51,3% of the European Union nationals (other than Cypriots) who were born abroad stated that they haven’t attended any Greek language course since their arrival in Cyprus because it was not necessary. 36,2% stated that they haven’t attended any Greek language courses for other reasons while 12,5% stated that they have attended Greek language courses.

58,9% of the third country nationals who were born abroad stated that they haven’t attended any Greek language course since their arrival in Cyprus for other reasons. 24,8% stated it was not necessary to attend any while 16,3% stated that they have attended Greek language courses.

Method used in finding current job
47,3% of the Cypriot employees who found their current job in the last 5 years, when they were asked about the method they used in finding this job, stated that they found it through relatives, friends or acquaintances. 25,2% stated that they found it by direct application or contact with the employer, 12,6% stated that they found it by responding to ads in the internet, in magazines, in newspapers or via another media channel, 6,3% stated that the employer contacted them directly while 3,2% stated that they found their current job via the public employment office.

59,3% of the European Union nationals (other than Cypriots) employees who found their current job in the last 5 years, stated that they found it through relatives, friends or acquaintances. 24,1% stated that they found it by direct application or contact with the employer while 8,2% stated that they found their current job by responding to ads in the internet, in magazines, in newspapers or via another media channel.
56,7% of the third country national employees who found their current job in the last 5 years, stated that they found it via a private employment agency. 27,7% stated that they found it through relatives, friends or acquaintances while 7,5% stated that they found their current job by direct application or contact with the employer.


RELATED TABLES

LABOUR FORCE SURVEY AD HOC MODULE, 2014 - MIGRANTS AND LABOUR MARKET










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